Coverart for item
The Resource Caciques and Cemí idols : the web spun by Taíno rulers between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico, Jose R. Oliver, (electronic resource)

Caciques and Cemí idols : the web spun by Taíno rulers between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico, Jose R. Oliver, (electronic resource)

Label
Caciques and Cemí idols : the web spun by Taíno rulers between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico
Title
Caciques and Cemí idols
Title remainder
the web spun by Taíno rulers between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico
Statement of responsibility
Jose R. Oliver
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
Annotation:
Member of
Cataloging source
MdBmJHUP
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Oliver, Jose R
Dewey number
972.9/02
LC call number
F1619.2.T3
LC item number
O44 2009
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Project Muse
Series statement
Caribbean archaeology and ethnohistory
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Syncretism (Religion)
  • Christianity and other religions
  • Christianity and culture
  • Icons
  • Stone implements
  • Indians of the West Indies
  • Taino Indians
  • Taino Indians
  • Taino Indians
  • Hispaniola
  • Hispaniola
  • Spain
Summary expansion
<p class="contributorsheadright" style="text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; margin: 0in 0in 0pt">Cem&iacute;s are both portable artifacts and embodiments of persons or spirit, which the Ta&iacute;nos and other natives of the Greater Antilles (ca. AD 1000-1550) regarded as numinous beings with supernatural or magic powers. This volume takes a close look at the relationship between humans and other (non-human) beings that are imbued with cem&iacute; power, specifically within the Ta&iacute;no inter-island cultural sphere encompassing Puerto Rico and Hispaniola. The relationships address the important questions of identity and personhood of the cem&iacute; icons and their human &ldquo;owners&rdquo; and the implications of cem&iacute; gift-giving and gift-taking that sustains a complex web of relationships between caciques (chiefs) of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola. <p class="contributorsheadright" style="text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; margin: 0in 0in 0pt"> <p class="contributorsheadright" style="text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; margin: 0in 0in 0pt"> <p class="contributorsheadright" style="text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; margin: 0in 0in 0pt"> <p class="contributorsheadright" style="text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; margin: 0in 0in 0pt"> <p class="contributorsheadright" style="text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; margin: 0in 0in 0pt"> <p class="contributorsheadright" style="text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; margin: 0in 0in 0pt"> <p class="contributorsheadright" style="text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; margin: 0in 0in 0pt"> <p class="contributorsheadright" style="text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; margin: 0in 0in 0pt">Oliver provides a careful analysis of the four major forms of cem&iacute;s--three-pointed stones, large stone heads, stone collars, and elbow stones--as well as face masks, which provide an interesting contrast to the stone heads. He finds evidence for his interpretation of human and cem&iacute; interactions from a critical review of 16th-century Spanish ethnohistoric documents, especially the Relaci&oacute;n Acerca de las Antig&uuml;edades de los Indios written by Friar Ram&oacute;n Pan&eacute; in 1497--1498 under orders from Christopher Columbus. Buttressed by examples of native resistance and syncretism, the volume discusses the iconoclastic conflicts and the relationship between the icons and the human beings. Focusing on this and on the various contexts in which the relationships were enacted, Oliver reveals how the cem&iacute;s were central to the exercise of native political power. Such cem&iacute;s were considered a direct threat to the hegemony of the Spanish conquerors, as these potent objects were seen as allies in the native resistance to the onslaught of Christendom with its icons of saints and virgins. <p class="contributorsheadright" style="text-align: justify; line-height: 200%; margin: 0in 0in 0pt">
Label
Caciques and Cemí idols : the web spun by Taíno rulers between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico, Jose R. Oliver, (electronic resource)
Instantiates
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. [257]-279) and index
Contents
Introduction -- Believers of Cemíism : who were the Taínos and where did they come from? -- Webs of interaction : human beings, other beings, and many things -- Personhood and the animistic Amerindian perspective -- Contrasting animistic and naturalistic worldviews -- The Cemí reveals its personhood and its body form -- Cemí idols and Taínoan idolatry -- Cemís and personal identities -- The power and potency of the Cemís -- The display of Cemís : personal vs. communal ownership, private vs. public function -- Face-to-face interactions : Cemís, idols, and the native political elite -- Hanging on to and losing the power of the Cemí idols -- The inheritance and reciprocal exchange of Cemí icons -- Cemís : alienable or inalienable; to give and to keep -- Stone collars, elbow stones, and caciques -- Ancestor Cemís and the Cemíification of the caciques -- The guaíza face masks : gifts of the living for the living -- The circulation of chief's names, women, and Cemís : between the greater and lesser Antilles -- Up in arms : Taíno freedom fighters in Higüey and Boriquen -- The virgin Mary icons and native Cemís : two cases of religious syncretism in Cuba -- Religious syncretism and transculturation : the crossroads toward new identities -- Final remarks
Control code
OCM1bookssj0000116650
Dimensions
unknown
Isbn
9780817381172
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(WaSeSS)bookssj0000116650
Label
Caciques and Cemí idols : the web spun by Taíno rulers between Hispaniola and Puerto Rico, Jose R. Oliver, (electronic resource)
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. [257]-279) and index
Contents
Introduction -- Believers of Cemíism : who were the Taínos and where did they come from? -- Webs of interaction : human beings, other beings, and many things -- Personhood and the animistic Amerindian perspective -- Contrasting animistic and naturalistic worldviews -- The Cemí reveals its personhood and its body form -- Cemí idols and Taínoan idolatry -- Cemís and personal identities -- The power and potency of the Cemís -- The display of Cemís : personal vs. communal ownership, private vs. public function -- Face-to-face interactions : Cemís, idols, and the native political elite -- Hanging on to and losing the power of the Cemí idols -- The inheritance and reciprocal exchange of Cemí icons -- Cemís : alienable or inalienable; to give and to keep -- Stone collars, elbow stones, and caciques -- Ancestor Cemís and the Cemíification of the caciques -- The guaíza face masks : gifts of the living for the living -- The circulation of chief's names, women, and Cemís : between the greater and lesser Antilles -- Up in arms : Taíno freedom fighters in Higüey and Boriquen -- The virgin Mary icons and native Cemís : two cases of religious syncretism in Cuba -- Religious syncretism and transculturation : the crossroads toward new identities -- Final remarks
Control code
OCM1bookssj0000116650
Dimensions
unknown
Isbn
9780817381172
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(WaSeSS)bookssj0000116650

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