Coverart for item
The Resource Evaluating the reliability of emergency response systems for large-scale incident operations, Brian A. Jackson, Kay Sullivan Faith, Henry H. Willis, (electronic resource)

Evaluating the reliability of emergency response systems for large-scale incident operations, Brian A. Jackson, Kay Sullivan Faith, Henry H. Willis, (electronic resource)

Label
Evaluating the reliability of emergency response systems for large-scale incident operations
Title
Evaluating the reliability of emergency response systems for large-scale incident operations
Statement of responsibility
Brian A. Jackson, Kay Sullivan Faith, Henry H. Willis
Creator
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
The ability to measure emergency preparedness - to predict the likely performance of emergency response systems in future events - is critical for policy analysis in homeland security. Yet it remains difficult to know how prepared a response system is to deal with large-scale incidents, whether it be a natural disaster, terrorist attack, or industrial or transportation accident. This research draws on the fields of systems analysis and engineering to apply the concept of system reliability to the evaluation of emergency response systems. The authors describe a method for modeling an emergency response system; identifying how individual parts of the system might fail; and assessing the likelihood of each failure and the severity of its effects on the overall response effort. The authors walk the reader through two applications of this method: a simplified example in which responders must deliver medical treatment to a certain number of people in a specified time window, and a more complex scenario involving the release of chlorine gas. The authors also describe an exploratory analysis in which they parsed a set of after-action reports describing real-world incidents, to demonstrate how this method can be used to quantitatively analyze data on past response performance. The authors conclude with a discussion of how this method of measuring emergency response system reliability could inform policy discussion of emergency preparedness, how system reliability might be improved, and the costs of doing so. --From publisher description
Member of
Cataloging source
DLC
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1972-
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Jackson, Brian A.
Dewey number
363.34/80684
LC call number
HV551.3
LC item number
.J328 2010
NLM call number
  • 2014 K-291
  • WA 295
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • Faith, Kay Sullivan
  • Willis, Henry H
  • United States
  • RAND Homeland Security and Defense Center
  • Rand Corporation
  • Rand Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment (Organization)
Series statement
RAND Corporation monograph series
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Disaster Planning
  • Emergencies
  • Program Evaluation
  • Emergency Responders
  • United States
  • United States
Label
Evaluating the reliability of emergency response systems for large-scale incident operations, Brian A. Jackson, Kay Sullivan Faith, Henry H. Willis, (electronic resource)
Instantiates
Publication
Note
"This research was sponsored by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and conducted under the auspices of the RAND Homeland Security and Defense Center, a joint center of the RAND National Security Research Division and RAND Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment." -- T.p. verso
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 187-199)
Contents
Introduction: Measurement and emergency preparedness -- Defining and demonstrating response reliability analysis -- Describing a chlorine release scenario and relevant response parameters -- A simplified model of an emergency response to a chlorine release -- Exploring what can go wrong during a chlorine response operation: identifying relevant failure modes -- Assessing the probability, effects, and severity of failure modes: an exploratory analysis using response after-action reports -- Concluding observations -- Appendix A: Approximating response reliability curves -- Appendix B: Correspondence between the chlorine response model used in this analysis and other ways of categorizing or organizing response operations -- Appendix C: Description of components of the RAND Chlorine Response Model not covered in the text -- Appendix D: Failure trees for all elements of the response model -- Appendix E: Counts of failure modes identified per analyzed after-action report -- Appendix F: List of after-action reports reviewed and analyzed
Control code
OCM1bookssj0000417272
Dimensions
unknown
Isbn
9780833050144
Isbn Type
(electronic bk.)
Lccn
2010024680
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(WaSeSS)bookssj0000417272
Label
Evaluating the reliability of emergency response systems for large-scale incident operations, Brian A. Jackson, Kay Sullivan Faith, Henry H. Willis, (electronic resource)
Publication
Note
"This research was sponsored by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and conducted under the auspices of the RAND Homeland Security and Defense Center, a joint center of the RAND National Security Research Division and RAND Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment." -- T.p. verso
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 187-199)
Contents
Introduction: Measurement and emergency preparedness -- Defining and demonstrating response reliability analysis -- Describing a chlorine release scenario and relevant response parameters -- A simplified model of an emergency response to a chlorine release -- Exploring what can go wrong during a chlorine response operation: identifying relevant failure modes -- Assessing the probability, effects, and severity of failure modes: an exploratory analysis using response after-action reports -- Concluding observations -- Appendix A: Approximating response reliability curves -- Appendix B: Correspondence between the chlorine response model used in this analysis and other ways of categorizing or organizing response operations -- Appendix C: Description of components of the RAND Chlorine Response Model not covered in the text -- Appendix D: Failure trees for all elements of the response model -- Appendix E: Counts of failure modes identified per analyzed after-action report -- Appendix F: List of after-action reports reviewed and analyzed
Control code
OCM1bookssj0000417272
Dimensions
unknown
Isbn
9780833050144
Isbn Type
(electronic bk.)
Lccn
2010024680
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(WaSeSS)bookssj0000417272

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