Coverart for item
The Resource Physics in a mad world : Houtermans, Golfand, M. Shifman ; translated from Russian by James Manteith

Physics in a mad world : Houtermans, Golfand, M. Shifman ; translated from Russian by James Manteith

Label
Physics in a mad world : Houtermans, Golfand
Title
Physics in a mad world
Title remainder
Houtermans, Golfand
Statement of responsibility
M. Shifman ; translated from Russian by James Manteith
Contributor
Editor
Translator
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
This book tells captivating stories of misadventures of two renowned theoretical physicists in the Soviet Union. The first part is devoted to Friedrich (Fritz) Houtermans, an outstanding Dutch-Austrian-German physicist who was the first to suggest that the source of stars' energy is thermonuclear fusion, and also made a number of other important contributions to cosmochemistry and geochemistry. In 1935, Houtermans, a German communist, in an attempt to save his life from Hilter's Gestapo, fled to the Soviet Union. He took up an appointment at the Kharkov Physico-Technical Institute, working there for two years with the Russian physicist Valentin P Fomin. In the Great Purge of 1937, Houtermans was arrested in December by the NKVD (Soviet Secret Police, KGB's predecessor). He was tortured, and confessed to being a Trotskyist plotter and German spy, out of fear of threats against his wife Charlotte. However, Charlotte had already escaped from the Soviet Union to Denmark, after which she went to England and finally the USA. As a result of the Hilter-Stalin Pact of 1939, Houtermans was turned over to the Gestapo in May 1940 and imprisoned in Berlin. The second part consists of two essays that narrate the life story of Yuri Golfand, one of the codiscoverers of supersymmetry, a major discovery in theoretical physics in the 20th century. In 1973, just two years after the publication of his seminal paper, he was fired from the Lebedev Physics Institute in Moscow. Because of his Jewish origin he could find no job. Under such circumstances, he applied for an exit visa to Israel, but his application was denied. Yuri Golfand became a refusnik and joined the Human rights movement, along with two other prominent physicists, Andrei Sakharov and Yuri Orlov. To earn his living, he had to do manual work, repeatedly being intimidated by KGB. Only 18 years later, shortly before the demise of the Soviet Union, did he obtain permission to leave the country, emigrating to Israel in 1990. These personal life stories of two outstanding theorists are interwined with the tragedies of the 20th century and make for compelling reading.--
Assigning source
Provided by publisher
Biography type
collective biography
Cataloging source
YDXCP
Dewey number
530.092
Index
no index present
LC call number
QC15
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • Shifman, M.
  • Manteith, James
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Houtermans, F. G.
  • Golfand, Yuri
  • Physicists
  • Supersymmetry
  • Golfand, Yuri
  • Houtermans, F. G.
  • SCIENCE
  • SCIENCE
  • SCIENCE
  • Physicists
  • Supersymmetry
Label
Physics in a mad world : Houtermans, Golfand, M. Shifman ; translated from Russian by James Manteith
Instantiates
Publication
Antecedent source
unknown
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Preface; Introduction: Information and Musings; 1. Victor Frenkel; 2. Background; 3. The Accused; 4. Alexander Leipunsky; 5. Alexander Weissberg; 6. Holodomor; 7. The beginning of the Great Purge; 8. Other foreigners at UPTI; 9. The Ruhemanns; 10. Tisza; 11. Lange; 12. Weisselberg; 13. A detective story; 14. Stalin's order; 15. Yuri Raniuk; 16. Giovanna Fjelstad; 17. Giovanna's story; 18. First time in the USSR; 19. Fisl's humor; 20. Houtermans and Pomeranchuk; 21. Choices to make; 22. Closing gaps; 23. Houtermans and the Communist Party of Germany; 24. Houtermans and von Ardenne
  • 25. Houtermans' trip to Russia in 194126. Why Houtermans had to flee from Berlin in 1945; 27. Houtermans in Göttingen in the 1940's; 28. Denazification; 29. Moving to Bern; 30. Yuri Golfand, the discoverer of supersymmetry; 31. Bolotovsky's and Eskin's essays; 32. Moisei Koretz; 33. FIAN; 34. Additional recommended literature; References; Part I. Houtermans ; Professor Friedrich Houtermans. Works, Life, Fate ; 1. Introduction; 2. Beginnings; 3. Gottingen; References; 4. Berlin; 5. 1933; Editor's Addendum; References; 6. London; 7. Impressions of Kharkov; 8. Kharkov: 1935-1937; References
  • 9. Arrests10. Last Months in the USSR (From Charlotte Houtermans' Diary); 11. Descent into the Prisons: 1937-39; 12. From Desperation to Hope (Continuation of Charlotte Houtermans' Diary); In Denmark; Christmas 1937; 13. Fighting for Freedom; References; 14. Descent into the Prisons: 1939-40; 15. The Bridge over the River Bug; 16. On the Other Shore; 17. Back in Berlin; References; 18. The Plutonium Report; References; 19. "They should Accelerate!"; Editor's Addendum; References; 20. Back in Kharkov; Editor's Addendum; References
  • 21. Kharkov Trace (What Happened at the Session of the Academy of Sciences)References; 22. Who are Beck and Godin?; Editor's Addendum; References; 23. War's End; References; 24. The Age of the Earth; References; 25. Friends on Houtermans; References; 26. Chronology; Appendices (Compiled by the Editor); I. Last diary; II. Odessa 1930; Editor's Addendum; References; III. Chronological Report of my Life in Russian Prisons; IV. Letter to Friends (Circa 1946); V. After the war; References; Part II. Golfand; The Life and Fate of Yuri Golfand; The Mount of Rest; First digression
  • "What do you think?" (Kharkov childhood and adolescence)"More than a fourth of all the physics in the country"; Turbulent years; FIAN; A theoretical physicist; The May vacation dissertation; "The kind of guy he was ... "; Love; Unemployment; In "Refusal"; "The Promised Land ... But is it mine?"; Afterword; In Memory of Yuri Abramovich Golfand; Index
Control code
922922282
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource
File format
unknown
Form of item
online
Isbn
9789814619301
Level of compression
unknown
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Quality assurance targets
not applicable
Reformatting quality
unknown
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)922922282
Label
Physics in a mad world : Houtermans, Golfand, M. Shifman ; translated from Russian by James Manteith
Publication
Antecedent source
unknown
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
  • Preface; Introduction: Information and Musings; 1. Victor Frenkel; 2. Background; 3. The Accused; 4. Alexander Leipunsky; 5. Alexander Weissberg; 6. Holodomor; 7. The beginning of the Great Purge; 8. Other foreigners at UPTI; 9. The Ruhemanns; 10. Tisza; 11. Lange; 12. Weisselberg; 13. A detective story; 14. Stalin's order; 15. Yuri Raniuk; 16. Giovanna Fjelstad; 17. Giovanna's story; 18. First time in the USSR; 19. Fisl's humor; 20. Houtermans and Pomeranchuk; 21. Choices to make; 22. Closing gaps; 23. Houtermans and the Communist Party of Germany; 24. Houtermans and von Ardenne
  • 25. Houtermans' trip to Russia in 194126. Why Houtermans had to flee from Berlin in 1945; 27. Houtermans in Göttingen in the 1940's; 28. Denazification; 29. Moving to Bern; 30. Yuri Golfand, the discoverer of supersymmetry; 31. Bolotovsky's and Eskin's essays; 32. Moisei Koretz; 33. FIAN; 34. Additional recommended literature; References; Part I. Houtermans ; Professor Friedrich Houtermans. Works, Life, Fate ; 1. Introduction; 2. Beginnings; 3. Gottingen; References; 4. Berlin; 5. 1933; Editor's Addendum; References; 6. London; 7. Impressions of Kharkov; 8. Kharkov: 1935-1937; References
  • 9. Arrests10. Last Months in the USSR (From Charlotte Houtermans' Diary); 11. Descent into the Prisons: 1937-39; 12. From Desperation to Hope (Continuation of Charlotte Houtermans' Diary); In Denmark; Christmas 1937; 13. Fighting for Freedom; References; 14. Descent into the Prisons: 1939-40; 15. The Bridge over the River Bug; 16. On the Other Shore; 17. Back in Berlin; References; 18. The Plutonium Report; References; 19. "They should Accelerate!"; Editor's Addendum; References; 20. Back in Kharkov; Editor's Addendum; References
  • 21. Kharkov Trace (What Happened at the Session of the Academy of Sciences)References; 22. Who are Beck and Godin?; Editor's Addendum; References; 23. War's End; References; 24. The Age of the Earth; References; 25. Friends on Houtermans; References; 26. Chronology; Appendices (Compiled by the Editor); I. Last diary; II. Odessa 1930; Editor's Addendum; References; III. Chronological Report of my Life in Russian Prisons; IV. Letter to Friends (Circa 1946); V. After the war; References; Part II. Golfand; The Life and Fate of Yuri Golfand; The Mount of Rest; First digression
  • "What do you think?" (Kharkov childhood and adolescence)"More than a fourth of all the physics in the country"; Turbulent years; FIAN; A theoretical physicist; The May vacation dissertation; "The kind of guy he was ... "; Love; Unemployment; In "Refusal"; "The Promised Land ... But is it mine?"; Afterword; In Memory of Yuri Abramovich Golfand; Index
Control code
922922282
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource
File format
unknown
Form of item
online
Isbn
9789814619301
Level of compression
unknown
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Quality assurance targets
not applicable
Reformatting quality
unknown
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)922922282

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