The Resource Russian Old Believers in Alaska : linguistic and cultural continuity of traditionalist refugees, by April R. Bass

Russian Old Believers in Alaska : linguistic and cultural continuity of traditionalist refugees, by April R. Bass

Label
Russian Old Believers in Alaska : linguistic and cultural continuity of traditionalist refugees
Title
Russian Old Believers in Alaska
Title remainder
linguistic and cultural continuity of traditionalist refugees
Statement of responsibility
by April R. Bass
Creator
Contributor
Author
Thesis advisor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
The Russian Old Believers endured anathema, marginalization, imprisonment, and torture in the 17th- and 18th-centuries because of adherence to what they viewed as the purest forms of Russian Orthodoxy and culture. Tsarist-initiated social and economic discrimination led to large-scale involuntary out-migration of Old Believers from both the western and southeastern borders of the country. For two centuries, Old Believers existed as refugees in search of a permanent and tolerant home; one group of Old Believers made their way through China and Brazil to the United States as religious refugees with the help of the Tolstoy Foundation in 1964. However, while these Old Believers found religious refuge in a nation with vacillating tolerance of religious freedom, they encountered new complications of cultural and linguistic assimilative pressures and temptations particularly for their children. In an attempt to continue their maintenance of high-fidelity cultural and linguistic transmission, a few families established a geographically isolated, closed community in South Central Alaska (SCAK) in 1968. Those families grew into a Village that has since evolved into a complex community, which demonstrates varying acculturative strategies. In evaluating the fidelity with which SCAK Old Believers have maintained 17th century traditional (i.e., transmitted from parent to child) lifeways in the form of textiles, overt expressions of religiosity, and language in the form of both Russian and the liturgical language Old Church Slavonic, I found that: 1.) the community has surpassed the third-generation language shift paradigm that most refugees and immigrants to the United States succumb to; 2.) overt expressions of religiosity quantifiably distinguish Old Believers from their non-Old Believer counterparts in the Village, which indicates that high-fidelity transmission still occurs; and 3.) traditional transmission is still positively influencing community retention. Additionally, I found that significant events for the Village have induced varying cultural transmission strategies at the individual level that have had interesting effects on acculturative strategies and behavior at the group level. The initial transmission strategy was prestige biased traditional transmission, and it resulted in a clear acculturative strategy for the SCAK Old Believers: separation from the surrounding post-industrial society. Three pivotal sociohistorical events (i.e., the establishment of a state school and subsequent opening of the Village to outsiders, the largest of several religious schisms, and the matriculation of the first SCAK Old Believers to colleges) are reflected in shifts to cultural transmission patterns or resulting acculturative strategies and cultural behavior that can be modeled as dynamically integrated strategies instead of more linearly related progressions from separation through integration to assimilation. Not only is this research a significant contribution to further clarifying human behavior and cultural evolution. This research and these findings are timely and relevant as social justice for refugees and immigrants are at the forefront of many current national and global sociopolitical conversations. The SCAK Old Believers demonstrate that it is possible to maintain linguistic and cultural heritage within a dominant post-industrialized society, and their case also illustrates the importance of choice for refugees and the value of life without fear
Cataloging source
MUU
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Bass, April R
Degree
Ph.D.
Dissertation note
Thesis
Dissertation year
2015.
Government publication
government publication of a state province territory dependency etc
Granting institution
University of Missouri--Columbia
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
  • theses
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorDate
1968-
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
VanPool, Todd L.
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Old Believers
  • Russian language
  • Religion and politics
  • Language and culture
  • Russia (Federation)
  • Alaska
Label
Russian Old Believers in Alaska : linguistic and cultural continuity of traditionalist refugees, by April R. Bass
Instantiates
Publication
Copyright
Note
  • Includes vita
  • "A Dissertation presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School at the University of Missouri In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Philosophy."
  • Dissertation supervisor: Dr. Todd VanPool
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 233-244)
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
951986551
Extent
1 online resource (x, 246 pages)
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Other physical details
illustrations (some color)
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)951986551
Label
Russian Old Believers in Alaska : linguistic and cultural continuity of traditionalist refugees, by April R. Bass
Publication
Copyright
Note
  • Includes vita
  • "A Dissertation presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School at the University of Missouri In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Philosophy."
  • Dissertation supervisor: Dr. Todd VanPool
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 233-244)
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
951986551
Extent
1 online resource (x, 246 pages)
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
c
Other physical details
illustrations (some color)
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)951986551

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