The Resource Strategies to reduce cesarean birth in low-risk women, prepared for Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality ; prepared by Vanderbilt Evidence-based Practice Center ; investigators, Katherine E. Hartmann [and others], (electronic resource)

Strategies to reduce cesarean birth in low-risk women, prepared for Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality ; prepared by Vanderbilt Evidence-based Practice Center ; investigators, Katherine E. Hartmann [and others], (electronic resource)

Label
Strategies to reduce cesarean birth in low-risk women
Title
Strategies to reduce cesarean birth in low-risk women
Statement of responsibility
prepared for Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality ; prepared by Vanderbilt Evidence-based Practice Center ; investigators, Katherine E. Hartmann [and others]
Title variation
Effective health care program
Contributor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
OBJECTIVES: The Evidence-based Practice Center systematically reviewed evidence addressing strategies to reduce cesarean birth. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE(r) via PubMed and the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature as well as the reference lists of included studies. REVIEW METHODS: We included studies published in English from 1968 to February 2012. We excluded publications that did not address a Key Question, were not an eligible study design, or did not aim to reduce cesarean birth among low-risk women. RESULTS: Of the 97 studies included, 16 were good quality, 28 fair, and 53 poor. In this review, all studies compared the novel strategy to usual care or to variations in the same strategy. Few studies addressed prenatal strategies; the one such strategy that reduced cesarean was treatment of the cervix with hyaluronidase in the clinic at term to promote cervical softening. Strategies intended for use in labor included four trials that favored active management of labor, with 2.8- to 7.4-percent decreases in cesarean; one study showed a significant decrease. Doula support in labor was associated with significant reductions in cesarean (5.0 to 22.0%) in three studies. One of six trials of fetal assessment reported a significant reduction in total cesareans (20.6%). Three of eight trials of amnioinfusion reported a significant reduction in total cesareans (15 to 34.2%). Virtually all studies within health care systems that changed policies or procedures evaluated strategies with more than one component. Seventeen of 31 studies reported statistically significant reductions in cesarean from 1.6 to 17.0 percent. Ten of the 17 effective strategies included audit and feedback of cesarean trend data to participating units and/or care providers, 7 included protocols for vaginal birth after prior cesarean, 6 included agreement on overarching labor and delivery guidelines, and 5 included active management of labor protocols. Overall, it is not possible to determine which components are definitively associated with reductions. CONCLUSIONS: No single strategy was uniformly successful in reducing cesareans. Strength of evidence was low to insufficient for all strategies. No approach dominated as a strategy appropriate to reduce use of cesarean among low-risk women in the United States
Member of
Cataloging source
ERL
Funding information
Conducted by Vanderbilt Evidence-based Practice Center (EPC) under contract to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
Government publication
federal national government publication
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
NLM call number
WQ 430
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • Hartmann, Katherine E
  • Vanderbilt Evidence-based Practice Center
  • United States
  • Effective Health Care Program (U.S.)
Series statement
  • Comparative effectiveness review
  • AHRQ publication,
Series volume
  • no. 80
  • no. 12(13)-EHC128-EF
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Cesarean Section
  • Comparative Effectiveness Research
  • Delivery, Obstetric
  • Prenatal Care
  • United States
  • United States
http://bibfra.me/vocab/relation/supportingbody
RzTDSdffmEM
Label
Strategies to reduce cesarean birth in low-risk women, prepared for Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality ; prepared by Vanderbilt Evidence-based Practice Center ; investigators, Katherine E. Hartmann [and others], (electronic resource)
Instantiates
Publication
Note
"October 2012."
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
824190015
Extent
1 online resource (545 pages)
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
illustrations
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)824190015
Label
Strategies to reduce cesarean birth in low-risk women, prepared for Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality ; prepared by Vanderbilt Evidence-based Practice Center ; investigators, Katherine E. Hartmann [and others], (electronic resource)
Publication
Note
"October 2012."
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
824190015
Extent
1 online resource (545 pages)
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
illustrations
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)824190015

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