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The Resource The Uruk world system : the dynamics of expansion of early Mesopotamian civilization, Guillermo Algaze

The Uruk world system : the dynamics of expansion of early Mesopotamian civilization, Guillermo Algaze

Label
The Uruk world system : the dynamics of expansion of early Mesopotamian civilization
Title
The Uruk world system
Title remainder
the dynamics of expansion of early Mesopotamian civilization
Statement of responsibility
Guillermo Algaze
Creator
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
Archaeologists and historians have long been keenly interested in the emergence of early cities and states in the ancient Near East, particularly in the growth of early Sumerian civilization in the lowlands of Mesopotamia during the second half of the fourth millennium B.C. Most scholars have focused on the internal transformations attending this process, such as the development of new forms of spatial organization, socio-political relationships, and economic arrangements. In The Uruk World System, Guillermo Algaze concentrates instead on the unprecedented and wide-ranging process of external expansion that coincided with the rapid initial crystallization of Mesopotamian civilization. He contends that the rise of early Sumerian polities cannot be understood without also taking into account developments in surrounding peripheral areas. Algaze reviews an extensive body of archaeological evidence for cross-cultural exchange between the nascent city-states in the Mesopotamian lowlands and communities in immediately surrounding areas. He shows that at their very inception the more highly integrated lowland centers succeeded in establishing a variety of isolated, far-flung outposts in areas at the periphery of the Mesopotamian lowlands. Embedded in an alien hinterland characterized by demonstrably less complex societies, the outposts were commonly established at the apex of preexisting regional settlement hierarchies and invariably at focal nodes astride important trade routes. Algaze argues that these early colonial out-posts served as collection points for coveted peripheral resources acquired in exchange for core manufactures and that they reflect an inherently asymmetrical system of economic hegemony that extended far beyond areas under the direct political control of Sumerian polities in southern Mesopotamia. From this he concludes that economic exploitation of less developed peripheral areas was integral to the earliest development of civilization in the ancient Near East. However, the early Mesopotamian outposts did not endure long. They either collapsed or were withdrawn by the end of the fourth millennium B.C. According to Algaze, this is explained, in part, by the impact that the outposts had on the sociopolitical evolution of peripheral societies. He argues that the cross-cultural contacts initiated by the intrusions would have led to an initial strengthening of local chiefs, so that in some cases local communities soon became expansive in their own right. This unintended consequence would have required core polities either to arrive at more formal (political and military) modes of domination or, alternately, to abandon the periphery altogether, ceding control of trade routes to the newly emerging local powers. In light of transportational and organizational constraints common to societies at the dawn of civilization, the latter appears to have been the case
Cataloging source
DLC
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1954-
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Algaze, Guillermo
Dewey number
935
Illustrations
  • illustrations
  • maps
Index
index present
LC call number
DS73.1
LC item number
.A44 1993
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Iraq
  • Middle East
  • Historia antiga - oriente proximo (politica)
  • Arqueologia/pre-historia (oriente medio)
  • Expansion
  • Kultur
  • Zivilisation
  • Mesopotamien
  • Uruk
Label
The Uruk world system : the dynamics of expansion of early Mesopotamian civilization, Guillermo Algaze
Instantiates
Publication
Note
Revision of thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Chicago, 1986
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages [139]-156) and index
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
26306576
Dimensions
29 cm
Extent
xii, 162 pages
Isbn
9780226013817
Isbn Type
(cloth : alk. paper)
Lccn
92027445
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
n
Other physical details
illustrations, maps
System control number
(WaOLN)1515921
Label
The Uruk world system : the dynamics of expansion of early Mesopotamian civilization, Guillermo Algaze
Publication
Note
Revision of thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Chicago, 1986
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages [139]-156) and index
Carrier category
volume
Carrier category code
nc
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
26306576
Dimensions
29 cm
Extent
xii, 162 pages
Isbn
9780226013817
Isbn Type
(cloth : alk. paper)
Lccn
92027445
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
n
Other physical details
illustrations, maps
System control number
(WaOLN)1515921

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