Coverart for item
The Resource Theory and evidence : the development of scientific reasoning, Barbara Koslowski

Theory and evidence : the development of scientific reasoning, Barbara Koslowski

Label
Theory and evidence : the development of scientific reasoning
Title
Theory and evidence
Title remainder
the development of scientific reasoning
Statement of responsibility
Barbara Koslowski
Creator
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
In Theory and Evidence Barbara Koslowski, long acknowledged for her empirical work in the field of cognitive-developmental research, brings into sharp focus the ways in which the standard literature both distorts and under-estimates the reasoning abilities of ordinary people. She provides the basis of a new research program for a more complete characterization of scientific reasoning, problem solving, and causality. Koslowski boldly criticizes many of the currently classic studies and musters a compelling set of arguments, backed by an exhaustive set of experiments carried out during the last decade. Theory and Evidence describes research that looks at the beliefs that people hold about the type of evidence that counts in scientific reasoning and also examines how those beliefs change with age. The primary focus is on the strategies that underlie actual scientific practice. Two general sorts of research are reported - one on hypothesis testing and the other on hypothesis revision (how people deal with evidence that disconfirms a given explanation). Koslowski argues that when scientific reasoning is operationally defined so that correct performance consists of focusing on covariation and ignoring considerations of theory or mechanisms, then subjects are often treated as engaging in flawed reasoning when, in fact, their reasoning is scientifically legitimate. Neither relying on covariation alone nor relying on theory alone constitutes a formula for success
Member of
Cataloging source
N$T
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Koslowski, Barbara
Dewey number
501/.9
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
index present
Language note
English
LC call number
Q175.32.R45
LC item number
K67 1996eb
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
NLM call number
  • 1996 J-546
  • Q 175.32.R45
NLM item number
K86t 1996
Series statement
Learning, development, and conceptual change
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Reasoning
  • Science
  • Thinking
  • Science
  • Philosophy
  • SCIENCE
  • Reasoning
  • Science
  • Redeneren
  • Onderzoek
  • Wetenschap
  • Sciences - General
  • Physical Sciences & Mathematics
Label
Theory and evidence : the development of scientific reasoning, Barbara Koslowski
Instantiates
Publication
Copyright
Note
"A Bradford book."
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 287-290) and index
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
The role of mechanism and alternative accounts in formal-operational, causal, and scientific reasoning -- Disconfirming and anomalous evidence -- When non-humean indices replace or override covariation -- Beliefs about covariation and causal mechanisms--implausible as well as plausible -- Assessing internal and external validity -- Evaluating explanations in light of alternative accounts -- Rendering implausible causes plausible -- Deciding whether anomalies refine a theory or call it into question -- Disconfirming mechanism and covariation components of a theory -- Confirmation, disconfirmation, and differing views of scientific inquiry -- Spontaneous generation of appropriate tests, causal mechanisms, and alternative hypotheses -- General summary and conclusions
Control code
42854106
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (xii, 298 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9780262277471
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other control number
9780585002897
Other physical details
illustrations.
http://library.link/vocab/ext/overdrive/overdriveId
  • 6758
  • 9780262277471
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)42854106
Label
Theory and evidence : the development of scientific reasoning, Barbara Koslowski
Publication
Copyright
Note
"A Bradford book."
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 287-290) and index
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
The role of mechanism and alternative accounts in formal-operational, causal, and scientific reasoning -- Disconfirming and anomalous evidence -- When non-humean indices replace or override covariation -- Beliefs about covariation and causal mechanisms--implausible as well as plausible -- Assessing internal and external validity -- Evaluating explanations in light of alternative accounts -- Rendering implausible causes plausible -- Deciding whether anomalies refine a theory or call it into question -- Disconfirming mechanism and covariation components of a theory -- Confirmation, disconfirmation, and differing views of scientific inquiry -- Spontaneous generation of appropriate tests, causal mechanisms, and alternative hypotheses -- General summary and conclusions
Control code
42854106
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (xii, 298 pages)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9780262277471
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other control number
9780585002897
Other physical details
illustrations.
http://library.link/vocab/ext/overdrive/overdriveId
  • 6758
  • 9780262277471
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)42854106

Library Locations

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